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The New Zealand Journal, Saturday, November 07 (1840)


Grand Fete Given By the Plymouth Company of New Zealand,
At the Royal Hotel Assembly Room Plymouth, on Friday, October 30, 1840,

We copy from the Devonport Independent the following very full report of the proceedings had at the public dejeuner given by the Directors of the Plymouth Company of New Zealand, in celebration of the sailing of the first expediton to the Company's settlement.
It will be recollected that the Company's chief surveyor, with an efficient surveying staff, sailed in the month of August, so that considerable preparation will have been made by the time this expedition reaches the Company's principal settlement. We now adopt the report of the Independent:
The assembly called together was one of the most brilliant ever col-
lected on any similar occasion. Nearly four hundred invitations had been issued by the Company, and very few of this number failed to attend. The meeting comprised a very large proportion of the resident nobility and gentry of this district and the neighbouring county of Cornwall, while from the towns of Plymouth, Devonport, and Stone-house, the attendance of the most respectable inhabitants was given, added to a great number of the officers of the Army and Navy. The attendance of the large number of ladies who graced the meeting with their presence added to the gaiety and brilliance of the scene. The preparations were on an extensive scale, and of a tasteful description. The grand staircase of the hotel was converted into a tent with flags and laurels, forming a suitable approach to the ball-room, in which the tables were laid so as to accommodate the full number of the guests invited. Five tables were set down the room, with a cross table at the head for the Chairman, and the noblemen and gentlemen by whom he was supported. A festoon of flags was arranged over the President's chair. The elegant proportions and decorations of the room renders any further ornament superfluous. The tables were laid out with much regard to taste, in both senses of the word, vases of flowers being placed at intervals along them, serving the double purpose of ornament and utility, as they were made the marks of the lettered divisions, which were necessary to preserve order in arranging the company. The band of the Royal Marines was in attendance, and enlivened the scene by playing several favourite pieces during the repast. As the company arrived they proceeded to the tea-room, and at two o'clock began to take their places, leaving the tea-room in parties of a limited number at a time, and being placed at seats numbered and lettered according to the tickets. This took some considerable time, the number of the guests being so large, but it preserved admirable order, and prevented many inconveniences. The Chair was taken soon after three o'clock by the Right Honourable the Earl of Devon; T. Gill, Esq. officiated as Vice-President. The cold collation, provided by Mr. Whiddon, was unexceptionable, both in appearance and quality, and was arranged with remarkable elegance; some of the lighter articles looked so pretty in their perfect state, it seemed almost a pity to mar their proportions with knife or spoon, though we saw no instance of such a sense of the ornamental overcoming the lively appreciation of the utility of eating. The number of persons present was three hundred and sixty, and the gallery was also filled with spectators admitted by tickets.
On the right of the chair we observed—Lord Courtney, Lady J. Eliot, Mrs. Admiral Warren, Sir W. Molesworth, Bart., M.P., Mr. W. Coryton, Colonel Crawford, R.A., Lady Hoste and Captain Eden, R.N. On the left were Colonel Hill, Mrs. Crawford, Mr. Bulteel, Lady Molesworth, Lord Eliot, M.P., Mrs. General Ellice, Colonel Sir G. Hoste, R.E., Lady Elizabeth Bulteel, and Lady Courtenay.
Among the distinguished persons present were also the following:—Sir Joseph and Lady Sawle, Hon. H. Courtenay, Lady C. Courtenay, Lady C. Leslie, General and Mrs. Gilbert, Captain Tayler, C.B., Capt. Toup Nicholas, C.B., Capt, Coode, C.B., Capt. and Mrs. Brand, the Mayor of Plymouth, the Mayor of Devouport, Thomas Gill, Esq., E. S. Aubyn, Esq., G. Strode, Esq., George Temper, Esq., Sir S. Pym, G. Leach, Esq., J. King, Esq., Major and Mrs, Symons, Lieut, and Mrs. Dickson, the Rev. R. Luney, J. Norman, Esq., Sir G. Magrath, W. Prance, Esq., C. Whiteford, Esq., Thomas Woollcombe, Esq., Capt. Gennys, D. Derry, Esq., C. Tripe, Esq., N. Wright, Esq., Rev. J. Hatchard, Captain King, R.N., the Officers of the Regiments, and of the Squadron and Ships in commission, &c. &c.
The repast having closed, the usual signal for order was given, and
The Chairman rose and said, the first toast he had to propose, was one which every assembly of Englishmen, and still more every assembly of English women, would be anxious to receive. It was the health of the illustrious person who now sat on the throne of these kingdoms. (Cheers.) Under no circumstances could the health of their Queen be proposed in which it would be more earnestly and affectionately responded to than on the present occasion—(hear)—when they were met together to witness, he had almost said to forward, the emigration of their countrymen, and he was sure that all present entertained an earnest and anxious hope, that in the land of their adoption they would retain an earnest and lasting regard to the constitution under which they had lived, and an affectionate and zealous attachment to the person of the Queen who now filled the throne of these realms. The toast was drunk with loud cheers.
Air—"God save the Queen."
The Chairman said he had now to propose the health of an illustrious Prince who filled an exalted situation in this country: the position of the husband of the reigning Queen of England was one which must at all times be of great importance to the country, and one in which the conduct of any bad man, or even of a foolish man, if such should occupy so exalted a station, might be the source of serious and immense mischief to England; they had, therefore, the greater reason to congratulate themselves on the choice that had been made. (Cheers.) Let them go into what society they would, it was no slight praise to Prince Albert to say, that they would find he had never made a single enemy, but that, on the contrary, all those who had come in contact with him, had become endeared to him as his friends. (Loud cheers.) He therefore gave the health of Prince Albert.
The Chairman then gave the health of an illustrious lady, who by her continued acts of munificence, of well considered kindness and liberality, had won for herself the warm affection of the British people. He gave the health of "Queen Adelaide and the rest of the royal family." This toast was drunk with great applause.
Air—"Hail, Star of Brunswick."
The Chairman next gave "The Army and Navy."
Air—"See the conquering hero comes."
Colonel Crawford, R.A. as senior Colonel, begged to return thanks on behalf of the Army.
Captain Coode, R.N. returned thanks for the manner in which the Navy had been drank.
Air—"Rule Britannia."
The Chairman next gave the health of "Her Majesty's Ministers."
The Chairman said they had hitherto had the pleasure of drinking those toasts, which, in any general assembly of persons in England, would be drank with cordiality. He had now to request the company to drink the health of a person whose name was immediately connected with the business of the day. A twelvemonth ago, the whole question relative to the colonization of New Zealand was involved in comparative darkness. Though there were some bright specks in the horizon, its general aspect was clouded and darkened. They who had taken an active interest in the welfare of these islands, and the Directors of the different Companies, anxious to promote the emigration of British subjects to this part of the world, were unable to give any clear and precise answer as to what was the state of the islands, or what the prospects of the emigrants were likely to be. They could not tell whether or not they were to be considered as inhabitants of a colony of Great Britain, or to what extent or degree they were to enjoy the protection of the British Government. They had hardly any information on this interesting subject till it was enquired into by Lord Eliot, whose health he was about to propose to them.—(Cheers.) It was to the exertions of his noble friend, that they owed, in a very great degree, the removing of the doubts he had referred to. He had had the perseverance to call forth from, he had almost said to force from, the House of Commons, an accurate investigation of the whole subject; and the result had been such as would, be trusted, from this day forth, leave no doubt as to the position the colony of New Zealand ought to occupy with respect to the parent country, and, consequently, the removal of all doubts from the minds of those who had it in contemplation to resort thereto.—(Hear, hear.) It was to Lord Eliot they owed the satisfaction of knowing more fully and precisely what the relations between this country and New Zealand were, and what was the system of colonization on true and just principles best suited to that country. It was to his perseverance, temper, and discretion, that they owed the result of Lord Eliot's motion, with which many of them were well acquainted. He need not add one word more to induce this company to join, with one voice, with him in drinking most heartily the health of the Noble Lord.—(Loud cheers.)
Lord Eliot, M.P., in returning thanks said, he was grateful to the noble Chairman for the manner in which he had proposed his health, and to the meeting for the kind manner in which they bad been good enough to receive it. It was perfectly true that he was the Chairman of the Committee to which his noble friend had alluded, but his labour on that occasion was light, and he must, therefore, disclaim a great portion of that merit which had been attributed to him. He had on that occasion the advantage of the assistance of a gentleman of whose arrival at Plymouth he had just heard, and who, it was well known to the public, had first developed and made known the true principles of colonization.—(Cheers.) By the assistance of Mr. Wakefield—(cheers)—his task had been easy, and he had but little to do except to digest and condense the information that he had afforded him. He had long entertained a strong feeling on the subject of colonization in general, as one of the utmost consequence, of the highest importance to the future interests of this country, as providing a future field for the employment of her redundant population and competing capital, and as providing a resource for all classes in life in this country, who, in consequence of the overstocked state of every profession, found a great difficulty in maintaining themselves respectably. When the gentleman to whom the Plymouth New Zealand Company owed its origin, Mr. T. Woollcombe, mentioned to him, about a twelvemonth since, the project of that society, he had directed his attention particularly to it. So convinced was he of the peculiar advantages of New Zealand, of the advantages of its geographical position, of the fertility of its soil, and other particulars to which he should not more minutely refer, that he at once consented to give his assistance to other gentlemen and become one of the founders of that Company.—(Hear.) He was greatly encouraged in this, by knowing that among the early colonists of New Zealand, were to be some of the most distinguished young men of the present day—(hear, hear,)—members of the first families of England,—(cheers)—related to some of those whom he saw before him at that moment. On proceeding to London shortly afterwards, and during the last session of Parliament, he was particularly requested to take charge of a petition agreed to at a large meeting of bankers, traders, and commercial men of London, on the subject of the colony of New Zealand.—(Hear, hear.) He felt honoured at being entrusted with such a petition, emanating from a body of men who had long had the subject under serious consideration, and to whose petition the Legislature was bound to listen with the utmost deference and respect.—(Hear, hear.) The petition itself contained a clear, convincing, and lucid statement of the whole case; it enumerated the advantages of New Zealand, and recapitulated the rights of this country to its possession, founded on its original discovery, and occupation by British settlers. It stated generally the advantages of colonization, and pressed on the Government the importance of not allowing to slip the opportunity of colonizing on true, sound, and just principles. It was of still greater importance at that moment, as, though some degree of colonization had been effected, it was unregulated and ungoverned; the settlers were men without character, runaway convicts, or deserters from ships at sea, in consequence of which a state of anarchy prevailed, and the rights of the native inhabitants were trampled on and disregarded. With this feeling, he undertook to present the petition, and to recommend it to the favourable consideration of the Legislature. He not only pressed it, but he undertook to move a Committee for the investigation of the important subject, and he rejoiced to say that in the Legislature, when it came to consider great and important questions of this kind, men forgot the petty considerations of party politics.—(Cheers.) He was, on this occasion, fortunate enough to receive the support of men who differed from him in political opinion, but the Committee was appointed too late in the Sesssion to allow of so large an investigation as the subject required. It had, however, examined the mass of evidence taken before the Committee of the House of Lords, of which his noble friend, their President, was Chairman, and the Report they had given was, in a great measure, the result of the advice of many eminent men well acquainted with the subject; It was not adopted, but he must say of the Committee, that, if it had produced nothing but the evidence of
Mr. Wakefield—(loud cheers)—he could show that the Committee had done good and valuable service.—(Hear.) The evidence of that gentleman was deserving of serious perusal, as it contained the principles not only of colonization in general, but also with regard to the peculiar circumstances of the island of New Zealand. It was difficult, in a meeting of this kind, to touch on the principal points of such a subject without going more into detail than was desirable. He would allude, however, as shortly as possible, to the points that had been recommended. The Report alluded to the right of the sovereignty of the Crown over the islands, and recognised the necessity of bringing it within the pale of order, that is the pale of the law, in order to put an end to the anarchy and confusion that had prevailed. The second point was, that New Zealand should be regulated as an independent colony, that is, that it should not be considered as a dependency of a neighbouring colony of New South Wales. The places were many hundred miles apart, and it would be extremely inconvenient and inexpedient if New Zealand should be so considered. This then was one recommendation he had submitted for adoption. The next point was, that a commission should be appointed, consisting of unbiassed persons, to examine into the claims to the title of all land possessed in New Zealand, and to take into consideration the circumstances connected with those that had been wrongfully wrested from the natives. In all cases where a fair title could be shown, it was recommended that the property should be respected. Two other most important recommendations were, first, that no Crown Lands should be sold for a less price than 20s an acre; and, secondly, that the whole of the purchase-money should be employed as a fund for promoting emigration from this country. There was another point, which likewise emanated from Mr. Wakefield, the necessity of insisting, with a view of securing the interests of the natives, that where sales took place in the colony, a portion of land equal to one-tenth, should be reserved for them, thus preserving the natives from usurpation and treacherous dealing from those with whom they might be brought in contact, and guarding them against the difficulties arising from that improvidence which was a characteristic of all savage tribes.—(Hear, hear.) While he was touching on this part of the subject, he might mention that it was a high satisfaction to those who took an interest in the question, to hear the satisfactory progress of the native inhabitants, in habits of order and sobriety and general civilization. One of the most important objects they had in view was, the spreading throughout that vast and fertile region the blessings of civilization and Christianity. It was a most important consideration to know that in this they would have the assistance of a Society recently formed, called the New Zealand Church Society, for which he believed they were chiefly indebted to the noble Lord in the chair. The members of the establishment would thus promote the exercise of the religion which was established here. The particular arrangements of that Society would be more fully explained by a noble Lord, who had taken an active part in the formation of that Society, than by himself. Whether the recommendations he had referred to would be carried into effect or not he was not competent to say, but the first part of the good work had begun; the first steps had been taken to render New Zealand part and parcel of the British empire; and, humanly speaking, it could not fail to become the happy abode of countless British subjects.—(Cheers.)
The Chairman then proposed the "Health of the Directors of the London Company of New Zealand."—(Cheers.) All their plans had had their origin in the labours of these gentlemen, and if he could detail all their difficulties, they would feel that to these gentlemen the country was greatly indebted. The Directors have, on every occasion, been most ready to sacrifice their time, and give all their labour, to the elucidation of the subject, on which they all knew great errors had hitherto prevailed, but which, he trusted he might say, was now beginning to be understood as it ought to be. If the true principles of colonization, on which a great country like this ought to go, were well understood, he felt that it was owing to the labours and assistance of the gentlemen whose health they were now about to drink. There were many of them who had persevered, "through evil report and good report," in the one object of bringing the question before Government and before the Legislature; and in that object he trusted they would fully succeed. They would learn from others better able to explain than himself what the Directors had done; he trusted also they would learn what had been the recent result, communicated not forty-eight hours before, of a communication with the Government on the subject.—(Hear, hear, hear.) For this they owed to the Directors a debt of thanks. He should not go into the general principles of colonization: he should better meet the views of the meeting by leaving them to be explained by others better and more fully informed on the subject. But there was one point that had always struck him as entering more into the question of colonising New Zealand, than into that of any country with which Great Britain had to do. It was a frequent objection raised by many good men against colonising at all, and who therefore set their faces against it, that go where they would, they carried with them destruction, injustice, and injury, and that wherever they settled, they were the cause of displacing the natives, and doing injury to hundreds of thousands of their fellow-creatures. (Hear, hear.) There was some truth in this, applied to the countries where the inhabitants were extremely numerous in proportion to the extent of the soil, whose habits were migratory, and whose modes of life were connected with hunting, and those pursuits that required great space for their indulgence. But in New Zealand, the number of inhabitants, in proportion to the number of acres on the islands, was few, and accustomed to the cultivation of the soil. They were apt scholars in learning the arts necessary to cultivate it to advantage, and if they planted among them a well-regulated body of Englishmen, they would give them an opportunity of cultivating their soil with greater advantage—(hear)—than if left to themselves.—(Hear, hear.) In promoting emigration to New Zealand they would confer a great and lasting benefit on the natives, instead of injuring them. To the Directors of the London Company of New Zealand, as the persons who had been most active in carrying out this object, they owed a great debt of thanks, and he now proposed their healths. The toast was drunk amid warm and hearty applause.
Sir William Molesworth returned thanks as follows: Permit me, in the name of my colleagues, the Directors of the New Zealand Company, to return you their best thanks for the manner in which you have received the mention of their names. The approbation of so respectable and intelligent an assembly is a most pleasing reward for their exertions. I hope that they will continue to merit that approbation, by steadily pursuing what appears to me to be the great object of their mission: I mean the noble task of colonizing New Zealand with men of our own race, and thus adding that fair and fertile land to the colonial empire of Great Britain.—(Cheers.) I may assert, without bestowing undue praise upon my colleagues, that in undertaking that task, and industriously working at it, they were not animated by any desire of pecuniary gain; their chief object was to give effect to certain principles of colonization, which careful scrutiny, and mature deliberation, had convinced them were the best. They were impressed with the conviction, that our native land had become too narrow for our augmented numbers; and were urged on by the desire of affording in another hemisphere, the means of a comfortable existence to a portion of our suffering population.—(Cheers.) The same spirit animated them, which in all periods whereof history makes mention, has prompted our race to seek the conquest of new countries, and to spread their names and institutions over the face of the globe.—(Cheers.) That spirit first led our great forefathers from their primeval dwelling in the furthest east, from the confines of India, to the Danube and the Rhine. Thence it precipitated them, like a torrent, upon the enervated and enfeebled empire of the Caesars, which sunk overwhelmed by the shock. Over the whole of Europe, and the adjacent islands, they held resistless sway; every where mingling their free institutions, fierce energies, and feelings of self-reliance and independence, with the relics of ancient civilization. From the chaos which thence ensued, after centuries of darkness, disaster, and seeming decline, at length was evolved the glorious fabric of the social and political system of modern Europe, in which the human race has reached an unparalleled development, and which assures to humanity a still further and greater progress.—(Cheers.) The same spirit moved our more immediate ancestors to seek in the new world a refuge from the tyranny of the Stuarts, and bade them fly from their comfortable homes to the wilderness, in pursuit of that freedom of conscience and thought which is the loftiest aspiration of the human mind.—(Cheers.) There contending with a rigorous climate, a barren soil, and warlike savages, their undismayed energies have built up an empire, which, in its noblest object, the happiness of its people, surpasses all others on record in ancient or modern times. As a parent is proud of the virtues and prowess of its offspring, so ought we to rejoice in the industry, intelligence, and well-being of our kinsmen of America.—(Cheers.) They are men of the same bold, hardy, and persevering race with ourselves, animated by the same feelings, actuated by the same motives, enjoying similar institutions, and, as such, more nearly allied to us than if they were subject to the same sovereign authority. Be assured, that in the conquest which they have commenced of the New World, they will never rest satisfied till they have covered with their multitudes all the vast Continent, which extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and reaches from the Arctic Pole to the Southern Horn.—(Cheers.) Such have hitherto been the effects of the colonizing spirit of our race; the subjugation of Europe and the substitution of an advancing for a decaying civilization; the peopling, I may say the creation, of America,—(Cheers.) Nor have we in the present age degenerated from the virtues of our ancestors. Our flourishing settlements in Australia and Van Diemen's Land attest the undecaying vigour of the spirit of colonization, and that we still aspire to give our all-but universal empire to the name and language of the Anglo-Saxon. But how different are our conquests from those of our progenitors! They acquired their possessions by the sword and the spear. Fury, havoc, and desolation accompanied their steps. Before them the earth was laid waste, and became barren. Mighty cities perished even with their names; and the miserable inhabitants were destroyed or enslaved. Society was dissolved, and for a time art, science, and civilization, fled affrighted from the Western World. How different, I repeat, and rejoice in repeating, are our conquests! Instead of the weapons of war, we make use of the ploughshare and the steam-engine.—(Cheers.) Under our influence, the forest and the morass are changed into fertile and cultivated fields, rich with waving harvests, or covered with numerous flocks and herds—(Cheers.) Great cities spring up, as it were by magic, in the wilderness, containing all that art, science, and civilization can contribute to redeem and improve mankind. The wretched savage, who wanders naked in the desert, becomes the object of our protection and regard, and is carefully instructed in the sacred mysteries and morality of our holy religion, and the result is knowledge, happiness, peace and good will amongst men.—(Cheers.) This is a true and not exaggerated picture of the benefits which colonization has conferred on America and Australia. Nor less conspicuous are the advantages that have redounded to the parent state. I will not mention the glory, honour, and renown of having planted the thirteen English Colonies of America, inhabited by one of the greatest, most prosperous, and happiest people that the earth can behold. I will overlook the more northern deserts of that continent, which are in the act of being reclaimed, cultivated, and filled with our fellow-subjects. Nor will I take into consideration the incalculable tribute of wealth which we have received from the West and East ladies. I will make no reference to the vast extent of our colonial empire, upon which the sun never sets, and in which is to be found every climate with its peculiar productions. Nor will I calculate the myriads of human beings, subject to our sway, and dependent upon us for their well-being. These considerations fill the mind with ideas of enormous power and dominion, but in my humble judgment they do not alone display the especial advantages of colonization to the parent state: those advantages are to be traced in the effects of colonization on commerce, industry, and manners. Compare England in the sixteenth century, when colonization was about to commence, with what it is at the present moment. In the reign of Elizabeth, the clothing, and even the luxuries, of the richest class were of the rudest description, and such as the poorer orders would now despise. Cotton, tobacco, and sugar were all but unknown, or at least unattainable, except at enormous prices. With the emigration of Englishmen to the new world, these and other productions were discovered, cultivated, and sent home in return for the produce of our
industry. The new desires thus created stimulated our exertions to gratify them. Hence a sudden and rapid development of the useful arts. Manufactures sprung up in every direction, and along with them agriculture flourished. (Cheers.) The seas were covered with fleets of merchantmen, busily engaged in exchanging the products of Englishmen in different hemispheres: the sea-ports were crowded with ships, and became important cities; witness Bristol and Liverpool. In the interior of the country large towns were built for the sole purpose of manufacturing the raw produce of America; as, for instance, Manchester, and other towns in Lancashire. Society was thus profoundly agitated, the middling classes became wealthy, acquired influence, and ultimately predominance: the feudal aristocracy disappeared; the power of the crown was diminished; and liberty was established upon a rational and solid basis—(Cheers.) In bringing about these beneficent results colonisation has had no small part. Without doubt, other and most important causes have likewise contributed. But I deem it impossible to over-estimate the influence on our wealth and prosperity of the circumstance, that some of the most productive portions of the globe are possessed by men of our own race, able and willing to purchase British goods, and affording numerous and daily increasing markets for our manufactures. What, I ask, is this but the result of colonisation? Could it have existed without colonisation? Would America have been the same source of wealth and enjoyment to us if its forests had been unfelled by Englishmen, and its fierce savages had remained undisputed lords of the soil? Could the same results have been brought about by any other people? I point to South America, with its scattered and rude population, its intestine wars and constituted anarchy; I point to the colonies of the Spaniard, the Portuguese, and the French; and I answer none but the Anglo-Saxon could have worked the wonders of North America. We are by nature a colonising people. God has assigned to us the uninhabited portions of the globe, and it is our duty to take possession of them.—(Hear, hear, and loud cheers.) Influenced by these views, the Directors of the New Zealand Society projected the colonisation of that country: their object was to plant an English community, and to found an empire which might in future ages become the Britain of the southern seas. A noble and a worthy project! (Cheers.) I will not trouble you with a lengthened description of that country, I will merely observe that it is situated in the direct road from Australia to England; in a genial and temperate climate, exempt from either extreme of heat or cold, well adapted therefore to the constitutions of our race. It is intersected by a chain of lofty mountains, whence numerous rivers descend to the ocean, and which protect it from those droughts that afflict the neighbouring continent of Australia. Its hills are covered with luxuriant forests, adapted for every purpose of building and whose spars surpass the finest of the Norwegian pines. Its valleys are rich with the peculiar flax of the country; the soil is fertile, well suited for the growth of corn, so that it must ultimately become the granary of Australia. Its coasts are indented with excellent harbours, and the ocean that surrounds it is the seat of the great sperm whale fishery. In short, as an agricultural and commercial country it is without a rival in the southern hemisphere. (Cheers.) The materials of wealth exist there in abundance. They only require to be extracted from the earth. To turn the advantages of New Zealand to account, therefore, all that is wanting is the united labour of industrious and intelligent men. To send, however, any considerable number of emigrants from these shores to the antipodes would, on the score of expense, have been an arduous if not an impossible undertaking, were it not for the conception of a gentleman whom I am proud to call my friend, I mean Mr. Wakefield.—(Cheers.) Most of you whom I have the honour of addressing must be well acquainted with the peculiar principles of colonisation discovered and reduced to practice by Mr. Wakefield. You are aware how great, how clear, and yet how easy to be understood, are his views. They have indeed made an epoch in the science of political economy. This is not, however, a suitable occasion either to discuss those principles, or even to state them. I will only say, that the object of the New Zealand Directors was to apply them, and to carry out Mr. Wakefield's great conception of raising a fund for the purpose of emigration by the sale of waste land. Thus, with every acre of land which becomes private property in New Zealand, the proprietor obtains, at the same time, a sufficient supply of labour to make that land valuable. In this attempt to colonise New Zealand ray colleagues have as yet been most successful, notwithstanding the opposition which has been offered them, and which even went so far as to lead some persons to propose the surrender of the Sovereignty of that country. That opposition, I understand, will henceforth be discontinued, and all persons, I hope, who have the interests of their country truly at heart will approve of the endeavour to extend our commerce and industry in that portion of the globe. At all events, it is satisfactory to state that New Zealand is declared to be an integral portion of the British dominions, and consequently open to British colonisation. This is a great and most important step for the prosperity of those emigrants who sailed last year to New Zealand. Hitherto they had been disowned by the Government, treated almost as outcasts, refused the protection of English laws, and yet threatened with the penalties of those laws, if they attempt to preserve peace and order in their infant community. They were, nevertheless, undaunted. In the very schemes devised by their enemies to work their destruction, they discovered the path to their objects. What cannot the energy and shrewdness Of Englishmen accomplish, even in the greatest difficulties? Denied the right of British citizens, they made themselves the subjects of the New Zealand chiefs, whose independence the Government had recognised, and with the sanction, and under the authority of those chiefs, established an independent state, governed by English laws. (Cheers.) This was a wise, a bold, and a decided step. Now, however, that New Zealand is included in the British empire, they will return to their allegiance, and become again our fellow-subjects; and the vigour which they have displayed in this trying emergency affords ample promise of future and unbounded success. (Cheers.) I say this with honest pride and exultation, being most deeply interested in the prosperity of those emigrants, because (as you probably know), my youngest brother was one of the men who formed that expedition, and has taken an active part in those proceedings; and he did so with my cordial approbation and concurrence. For, in my humble judgment, a young man with active body and vigorous understanding, who has his fortune to make, cannot seek it in a better manner than in the colonies, especially in those of the southern hemisphere, where the climate is similar to our own. In this country every occupation is overstocked; in every employment competition is excessive; the profits of capital are scanty, and there is no room for competitors. Look at the number of barristers without briefs; of lawyers without fees; of doctors without patients. Behold the swarms of clergymen that crowd into the church without any special vocation for that sacred office, and awaiting in vain expectation for some scanty living. The Army and Navy are equally overstocked, and without an European war, (which God forbid as the greatest of calamities.)—[The cheering prevented the remainder of the sentence being heard.] In the same manner I might go on enumerating every description of trade and industry, showing in all an excess in the number of competitors, and a state of general uneasiness. It is only, therefore, after a long life of patient and painful toil, and in too many cases not even then, that a prudent man, who does not possess the gifts of fortune, can indulge in the social affections, become a husband, and the honoured father of a family. (Cheers.) It is unnecessary for me to dwell upon the unhappiness which then ensues, and the injury done to morality. It is but too well known to all persons who have reflected upon the social condition of mankind. Nor will I speak of the lamentable effects upon the social condition of women, the blighted affections, the misery and unhappiness, which are to be attributed to the causes that I have just mentioned. The deepest sorrow and compassion must fill the mind of every man who has carefully considered these subjects, and traced the moral as well as the physical consequences of over-competition in this densely-peopled country. How different is the scene in the colonies of the southern seas! There industry and capital meet with a reward three times greater than in this country. There, with moderate prudence and exertion, every man and every woman can obtain a comfortable subsistence; and a numerous offspring, instead of being a burthen, is the greatest of benefits. There, what a man earns in the sweat of his brow he may enjoy without diminution; and the food of the poor is not taxed to augment the rents of the lords of the soil. (Cheers.) What, then, hinders multitudes from hastening to these lands of promise? Surely abundance there is better than penury here. Why do not the younger branches of our Aristocracy, instead of wasting their time at home in sloth and idleness, or in the ignoble attempt, and henceforth I trust a vain one, to quarter themselves upon the resources of the nation—why do not they I repeat, lead forth numerous bands of emigrants to the colonies? Can they have a more honourable or useful occupation? Can they find a surer mode of ingratiating themselves with the people, and of wiping out the memory of long ages of oppression and injustice? (Cheers.) By putting themselves at the head of systematic colonisation, they would confer a lasting benefit on their country and themselves, and gain a renown in history similar to that of the Raleighs, the Gilberts, the Drakes, and other worthies, distinguished in the annals of the planting of America. (Cheers.) You, intrepid men, who are about to leave these shores; emigrants to New Zealand, bright prospects are before you! Go, then, accompanied with every auspicious omen! Be the pioneers of civilisation; imitate your forefathers; subdue the forest, carry your name and your language, and your arts and your institutions, into the wilds of the southern hemisphere! Let the sea and the land be alike witness of your toils. Become the founders of a mighty empire in a new world of your own creation. Thus accomplish the destiny of your race! It-is true you are few in number, but not more numerous were those who first landed in this kingdom with Hengist and Horsa, and still fewer were the pilgrim fathers of the thirteen millions of America. Go, then, be bold, yet prudent. Place firm faith and reliance in yourselves, and remember in the hour of peril, that there are no dangers nor difficulties that the energy of the Anglo-Saxon man has not already overcome. Go, then, and prosper; and that happiness and every success may attend your steps, is the humble prayer which all here present offer up in your behalf. (Load cheers.)
The Chairman stated that another of the London Directors, Mr. E. G. Wakefield, was present, and would communicate to the meeting some important information.
E. G. Wakefield, Esq. said, that at the call of their noble Chairman, he should proceed, without preface, to state to them the very gratifying information he had just then brought with him from London. They were all aware that, within the last two or three years, the subject of the colonization of New Zealand had given occasion to a number of disputes and vexed questions between the Government and the parties engaged in endeavouring to colonize the country. He rejoiced at being able to announce to them, that those disputes were at an end. (Hear.) The main question in dispute was, whether these magnificent islands should or should not remain under the dominion of the Queen of England. Some said that they were British territory; others that they were not; and this difference of opinion was the source of many more. The main question, on which, in truth, all the others depended, had been settled by the civil boldness of a military man. He meant one who was known to many present—Captain Hobson, of the Navy. (Cheers.) Captain Hobson, who had been dispatched to New Zealand in a diplomatic character, as her Majesty's Consul, accredited to the native chiefs, finding that great disorders prevailed for want of a sufficient sovereign authority, and that there was much risk even that the Company's settlers might, in self-defence, in order to avert the evils of complete anarchy, set up for their own protection a sort of independent republic in the South Seas—Captain Hobson, he said, thus impelled, took upon himself to issue two proclamations in her Majesty's name, by which the whole of the Islands of New Zealand were declared part and parcel of the Queen's dominions. Those proclamations her Majesty's Government had republished in the London Gazette. The main subject of dispute was thus disposed of. (Cheers.) The principal question being settled, it became comparatively easy to adjust the others. The Directors of the New Zealand Company were in hopes, until last evening, that they should be able to convey to this meeting the detailed statement of a settlement of all differences between the Government and the Company. The details were still wanting, but the settlement had taken place. (Loud cheers.)
He begged permission to read a letter which the Governor of the Company had received yesterday from one of the Under-Secretaries of State for the Colonies.
"Downing-street, 29th October, 1840.
"Sir,—I am directed by Lord John Russell to acquaint you, that he has had under his consideration your letter of the 23rd instant, written on behalf of the gentlemen who have hitherto been associated under the name of the New Zealand Company, in which you inquire in what light the Government intends to regard the rights acquired by the Company, and on what terms the Government would be disposed to sanction their corporate existence, to determine their present claims, and to regulate their future operations.
"In consequence of Lord John Russell's absence from town, it has been impossible at this period to return a definite answer to your inquiry; but I am directed by his Lordship to state, that in a few days the draft of an arrangement will be submitted to you, and that his Lordship cannot anticipate that there will be any conditions to which the Company will entertain any serious objection.—I am. Sir,
"Your most obedient, humble servant,
"R. Vernon Smith."
The Directors of the London Company, who deserved some credit for caution as well as boldness, for prudence as well as courage, had authorised him (Mr. W.) to state that they were entirely satisfied with the purport of this letter, and fully expected that arrangements would be immediately made by which all the questions in dispute would be set at rest.—(Cheers.) In that room, he ought to say, though it was scarcely necessary, that the Directors of the London Company had not forgotten the Society whose proceedings they were that day met to celebrate. They had not neglected the interests of the Plymouth Company of New Zealand; they regarded it as a branch of their own larger enterprise and instead of viewing with satisfaction any plan that did not comprise the security and well doing of the Plymouth Company, they would have strong objections to it.—(Cheers.) The meeting would have seen from the letter of Mr. Vernon Smith that the Directors of the London Company were not in possession of the details of the arrangements which Lord John Russell had promised to submit to them; but they had one among other very strong reasons for believing that the details of those arrangements would be perfectly satisfactory. He begged the attention of the meeting to that reason. The step Lord John Russell had taken, had not been the consequence of any importunity on the part of the Company, but was a voluntary act of the Secretary of State.—(Loud cheers.) The Government had not given way—it had come forward.—(Cheers.) The proposals of the Government were not made in the spirit of unwilling concession, but in that of a free-will offering, suggested by the adoption of the principle, that it is the part of duty and wisdom in the Government to foster such enterprises as these, and to make use of colonizing companies as instruments of the state for accomplishing great public objects.—(Cheers.) The New Zealand Company, of which the Plymouth Company of New Zealand was a branch, would meet the confidence and good will of the Government in a similar spirit.—(Cheers.) They had already, in the course of fourteen months, dispatched 2,274 persons to their settlement of Wellington in New Zealand; and they were about to double their large capital for the purpose of carrying into the fullest effect the present views of her Majesty's Government.—(Hear, hear.) He regretted that it was not in his power to lay before them the particulars of Lord John Russell's plan for the government and colonization of New Zealand, but would repeat that the Directors of the London Company had no doubt that that plan would prove satisfactory to themselves and to the public at large. They had never yet held out a false hope to anybody; and it was not without deliberation that they had commissioned him thus to speak of their expectations.—(Loud and long-continued cheering.)
The Rev. Mr. Luney said it would have been the height of presumption in him to have offered himself to the meeting, had he not been invited; but as he had been invited to address them by the secretary, it would have been mere affectation in him to have declined. Often as they were accustomed to meet in that room for the purposes of worldly business, for amusement, or for religious and benevolent purposes, they had never met together on an occasion more interesting to themselves, than that of promoting the interests of an institution so conducive to the moral, social, and religious welfare of the community. Whatever difference there might be in the social condition of all classes, there was no difference of opinion, as to the most prolific source of the evils complained of. To the redundancy of its population might be ascribed most, if not all the evils from which the people of this country was suffering. To a redundancy of manual labour, for which, as there was no adequate demand, there was no adequate remuneration, might be ascribed these evils. The steam-engine, that prince of modern inventions, had revolutionised society; it had been a source of poverty as well as of wealth to the nation. It seemed to equalize all, and in the words of a celebrated writer, made the wise the same as the foolish, the strong as the weak, the father as the child; one equally as well as the other was capable of tending the revolving spindles and supplying them with the raw material. Man was fast becoming a weed in England; if by a weed was understood that which was left without any culture; if it was to be regarded as an incumbrance of the soil it occupied; if these or any of them were the characteristics of a weed, then was man in England fast becoming thus. Let them take the manufacturing districts and towns, and mark the want, and misery, and demoralization that lurked in their dark and crowded lanes; let them look at Ireland, teeming with a starving population, a people kind hearted and intelligent, but from our neglect, the more ready from their good qualities themselves, to be the dupes of every selfish and unprincipled impostor, and they must see the effects of over-population. But if Englishmen were ever weeds, they were weeds well worthy of cultivation—(hear, hear)—and if any portion of their countrymen had degenerated from their ancient character, the fault was theirs, who had left them without proper attention and cultivation—(cheers)—that would have raised them in the social scale. The object for which the meeting was called was eminently calculated to remove the evils complained of this undertaking was one of the fairest fields for British enterprise; to the emigrants embarking with them, the Company supplied every care, every needful provision for the passage thither, and they were secured by the agents of the Company, both here and in the colony, against all fraudulent and unscrupulous speculators.—(Hear, hear.) The plan was free from all fanciful theory, it was at once intelligent and practical, and its good effects had been obvious and immediate.—(Hear, hear, hear.) It had been observed that colonization, to be useful either to individuals or society, must be conducted on sound principles; land was of no value in itself—means must be applied to its cultivation. If he rightly understood the subject, the Company was based on the principle he had adverted to—that land bore a proportional value to the labour employed in its cultivation. The truth of this principle had been proved by the experience, the wretched experience of other Colonies, while the flourishing condition of the Colony of South Australia was a proof of the profoundness of the principle on which the Colony of New Zealand was also founded.—(Hear, hear.) They had ample proof of it also in the miserable, disgraceful, unheard-of, and nameless state of society that existed in another Colony, where the sources of labour were supplied by convicts. The state of society there was such, that he was prevented from naming any of the details, and he need only refer to the melancholy Report of the Transportation Committee, of which the Hon. Baronet (Sir W. Molesworth) was chairman. It showed a state of society that would be a disgrace to a legislature of heathens, and for it the Hon. Baronet was entitled to the best thanks of the community.—(Hear, hear.) He congratulated the Society and the country on the larger views and sounder principles that were beginning to prevail on the subject of colonization, and particularly on the enlightened and generous principles on which the Society was conducted. The name of the chairman, associated with those of many more connected with the institution, was a guarantee that the affairs would be conducted on the most honourable, enlightened, and humane principles. Acting under the influence of these principles, their colonists would go forth to reclaim the waste places of the earth; so that "instead of the briar should come up the myrtle:" but in a sense far otherwise than this would they also make the "desert rejoice and blossom like the rose." The Society had taken the lead in acknowledging a principle that had never been openly acknowledged before; it had openly recognised the duty of every public body to furnish adequate provision for the highest interests of those connected with it. They had cared for the spiritual interests of those, who, by their instrumentality, were tempted to leave their native shores, and to seek their fortunes in foreign fields. There was no right either in a nation or public company to tempt their fellow-creatures to leave the common church of their fathers, to seek their fortunes in foreign lands, without providing for their spiritual resources. The first cargo of those unhappy persons, who by their crimes were to be cut off from all intercourse with their countrymen—a mass of human beings whose crimes had expatriated them, were about to leave the shores of this country, without any provision for that spiritual assistance that might perhaps reclaim them to the path of virtue, and thus they would nave left these shores but for the exertions of one whose name would never die—the immortal Wilberforce. To secure the spread of Christianity, they wanted nothing more than the exertion of individual efforts, in correspondence with the efforts on the part of Government, and the heads of departments. He alluded to the liberality, and unparalleled generosity the Society had shown in the large grant of land it had made for the endowment of a Bishopric in the Colony. Great advantages would flow from this measure, with regard to the native missions, by the prevention of disputes, which in many other cases would never have occurred had there been the authority of a Bishop at hand. There was reason to rejoice in the sound and liberal views, and the wise discretion they had shown in the administration of their affairs. Whatever might be the fate of this country, yet now when her presence was felt in every sea, when her colonies were so numerous that the sun never set on her vast and boundless territory, yet they would remember that they must have been given for some higher object. Their responsibility was equivalent to their possessions, and it was their duty, though men did not look beyond secondary causes, not beyond the skill and enterprise of their countrymen, yet it was their duty to look with higher considerations. If there were any truth in the prophecy which said that the kingdom of this world should become the kingdom of God and of Christ—then they must believe that the vast possessions of this kingdom were given us because we had been found the purest portion of the Church of Christ; and they must use them as a scriptural Tarshish, from whence to bring home to the Messiah riches above silver and gold. If they had seen the summit of England's glory, and if they were doomed to look on her decay, still it would be gratifying to think, that through the instrumentality of this Company would arise a Great Britain in the Southern hemisphere, about to have its port of Plymouth, and perhaps even its Lord of Devon.—(Cheers.) He concluded by giving the "Church Society of New Zealand."
Lord Courtenay said, that as allusion had been so kindly and pointedly made to him, by his noble friend on his left, and the gentleman who had just sat down, it left him no alternative but to present himself for a short space before the meeting. He must have done so even for another reason—to return thanks on the part of the Church Society, for the way in which they had received the mention of its name and objects. He hailed with satisfaction the expression of approbation and strongly-marked sympathy towards it, and he cordially wished it success. He adverted to the liberal conduct of both the New Zealand Companies towards the Society, and was sure that the meeting would feel with him, that by taking the course the Companies had done, they had taken the very best means for attaining the objects they had in view, and they were all qualifying themselves for fulfilling the most important functions in the great work of New Zealand civilization. He hailed the respectability of the meeting as a proof that sound and legitimate principles of colonization were making way in the country. Large masses of individuals had been going out to the colony within the last 18 months, without any definite provision for their religious and moral improvement. It did not fall within the legitimate province of the Company itself to supply this deficiency; but they did what was better—they lent a sister Society liberal support, and to that Society they had to tender their cordial thanks for the manner in which that support had
responded to. The Church Society lost no time inputting itself in correspondence with the London Company, stating the satisfaction with which they viewed the endowment of land. A further communication was made to the Heads of the Church, and though they had not definitely said that there would be any appointment of a Bishop, yet the result of the plan met the sanction of the Archbishops and the Heads of the Church in this country. The Government also fully concurred with this object. The noble Lord proceeded to speak at considerable length on the advantage of a Church Establishment in the Colonies, as tending to promote, in the best possible manner, the social, moral and religious welfare of the inhabitants. He concluded by proposing the health of "Colonel Wakefield and the settlers at Wellington, in New Zealand."
J. Bulteel, Esq. proposed the health of the Governor of the New Zealand Company. He remarked on the progress of colonizing down to the times of the "Pilgrim Fathers" of old, and now, he said, a fresh and youthful community was stepping forth from their land, to give renewed credit and respectability to the hitherto harsh and forlorn path of emigration.—(Hear, hear.) Those who had aided in establishing the Plymouth Society, were justly entitled to their gratitude for having conferred on the neighbourhood one of the greatest blessings possible. He did not allude to the simple fact of the emigration of the classes who found a difficulty in supporting themselves by manual labour, but to the emigration of those of a higher rank and class of life. He stated that such emigrants did and must combine the best virtues of the soldier—caution, perseverance, patience under difficulties, forbearance, and indomitable courage.—(Cheers.) He would not attempt to define the particular time that might, at some future period, lead to the decay of this mighty empire, but he thought they would long possess it, if they kept their Army and Navy as they now had it, and he rejoiced that the field of emigration now opened, afforded a means of relief to many of the families of old officers of those professions, and to the crowded families of the gentry of this country. In the result of the present plan of colonization, they saw a state of perfect society anticipated, all gradual means had been thrown away, and gentry, and middle classes, and labourers had joined together at once, and might God grant them happiness and prosperity.—(Cheers.) [We regret that the Honourable Gentleman was so imperfectly heard, that we could only catch a few sentences of his address.]
T. Gill, Esq. rose to acknowledge the toast. He said he was convinced, from the enthusiasm he had witnessed there that day, of the interest taken in the question, and he bad, therefore, the less hesitation in trespassing on their time to explain specially what were (he objects they had in view. They would do the Company the justice of believing, that it was not actuated by a vain and ostentatious desire to exhibit that which it had already done, what it was doing, or what it hoped for the future to effect; he felt assured that they should not be accused of such a motive The object they had principally in view, was to communicate throughout the western counties, that timely information which should convince the most sceptical of the benefits that must accrue from the establishment of this Society, while it was based on the immutable principles of truth and justice.—(Cheers.) Was it too much to ask the meeting to take every opportunity in its power, to endeavour to give effect to the great objects which this Company entertained? Was it too much to ask them to lend their powerful aid to it, and, making this appeal, he should not be charged with impropriety if he made allusion to the ladies.—(Hear.) They knew full well how far and wide their influence extended for every valuable and charitable institution.—(Cheers.) Their primary object was the relief of those parts of the country that were in states of extreme distress, from the redundancy of their population, and it only required that explanation so essentially necessary to all, but especially to the lower classes of society, that there were those ready to assist them to escape from their suffering, to as great an extent as might be practicable or necessary. They were therefore induced to establish a Society of this nature, not with any mercenary view, but that a process of emigration might be established on the best principles. After some further remarks on the happy results of good emigration, he said he had to propose, as a toast, the health of a gentleman to whom they were all indebted for the pleasure they were then enjoying. It was but an act of justice that they should receive the health of Mr. Woollcombe, the Secretary of the Society.—(Loud cheers.) By his indefatigable exertions he had brought the Society to maturity, and it was to him they were indebted, not merely for the pleasure that had been afforded them that day, but, he might venture to say, whatever prosperity the Society enjoyed was owing to his exertions. He concluded by proposing the health of Mr. Woollcombe, the Secretary. The toast was received with hearty applause by the meeting.
T. Woollcombe, Esq., begged to return the meeting his sincere thanks for the kind manner in which it had received the mention of his name, and he could assure them with great truth, that he had never devoted any time to an object with more sincere pleasure, or with more ardent zeal, than on the present occasion. He had felt some degree of jealousy that it was not first applied by West Countrymen, for he felt it was part of the patrimony of those who lived in the county of the Raleighs, the Gilberts, and the Drakes, who shone as names imperishable in history, to come forward and carry out the true principles of colonization which Mr. Wakefield had brought before the world.—(Cheers.) He had therefore laboured, trusting for success to that strong public spirit, which would not soon subside in the West of England. They had had serious difficulties to contend with informing the Company, but those very difficulties had conduced to their success, for they had caused the persons associated together to be more earnest in carrying out the objects they proposed to themselves.—(Hear, hear.) They had formed the commencement of a new colony, which gave great hopes of success, and he had the greatest possible pleasure in laying before them the resolutions which had been passed the day before, at a meeting of the intending colonists. [Mr. W. then read the substance of the resolutions, which will be found at length in another column.] At that late hour of the evening he should not trespass on their time, by detailing many of the plans and objects of the Company; he would merely state that the emigrants had commenced the formation of a library, and he need not say that he trusted they would have the assistance of all who felt their spirited proceedings deserved it. There was hardly any one who could not make some donation to the library, and thereby connect their names with one of the most interesting colonies ever formed. He (rusted the hint would be followed up, and that all the success would attend the plan that is deserved.—(Loud cheers.)
Lord Eliot, M.P., said he must claim a single moment of their time. As he was, during the last session of Parliament, more or less the antagonist of the Colonial Minister, and as it was with the greatest satisfaction he had heard the announcement of Mr. Wakefield, that that Minister was pursuing a different course to what had been hitherto pursued, it was but justice to state that he considered the conduct of Lord John Russell highly creditable to him, and that he deserved the thanks of the country.—(Loud cheering.) He (Lord E.) had entered into the struggle, and had always spoken on the question, not as a party one,—(hear, hear,)—he had considered it as involving much higher interests. It was, therefore, with peculiar satisfaction he came forward to acknowledge the gratitude he felt to Lord John Russell for his conduct—(loud cheers,)—and he trusted it was not unbecoming in him, nor inconsistent with the maintenance of his own political opinions to propose, as he now did, the health of the Colonial Minister—Lord John Russell. [The sudden manner and the hearty spirit in which the noble Lord proposed the unexpected toast, seemed to take the meeting by surprise, and the applause was vehement.]
The Chairman said, he was sure they would accuse him of an unwarrantable omission, if, after drinking the healths of all the persons whose exertions had promoted colonization, he did not call their attention to that individual whose exertions had been more than most of the rest. He gave Captain King, the chief commissioner of the settlement of New Plymouth.
Capt. King returned thanks, stating that nothing on his part should be wanting to ensure the success of the undertaking.
The Chairman gave—"The guests of the evening." Some persons, he said, objected to such meetings as the present, but when they were held for carrying out such praiseworthy objects as the present, he was sure that their exertions were much assisted, and their labours lightened, by the co-operation, and sympathy, and support they received on an occasion of this kind. He must feel gratified at the sentiments that had been expressed with regard to his brother Directors, and the flattering manner in which they had spoken of the exertions of the Company. It was an era for Devonshire that would long be remembered, and he, as an individual greatly interested in the county, felt deeply gratified at the proceedings.
J. Bulteel, Esq, proposed the health of their Chairman the Earl of Devon.—(Cheers.) He dwelt on the exertions of the noble Lord in objects of improvement, and the opinions he had expressed on them, hoping that he would live long to be a commentary on his text.—(Cheers.) His conduct on every occasion entitled him to the utmost praise, and he alluded to the high, noble, and gentlemanly feeling of the noble Lord, which enabled him in all purposes for the benefit of the human race to throw away party politics, like chaff to the winds.—(Cheers.)
The Earl of Devon briefly returned thanks for the toast, and the Vice-President having announced that the tea-room had been cleared for the purpose of holding a ball, the assembly broke up, after an evening which, in every respect, must have given the greatest pleasure and satisfaction to all present.

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