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The New Zealand Journal, Saturday, May 02 (1840)


South Australia.

The Murray River Natives.—It is with regret we have learned that the Murray River natives have lately been committing depredations on the sheep recently brought overland by Mr. Snodgrass, and that several serious collisions have taken place. A large party of mounted police, headed by the superintendent, Mr. Inman, and accompanied by Mr. Moorhonse, the Protector, left Adelaide on Thursday morning for the river, to apprehend the ringleaders. Want of space precludes our publishing, till our next, the particulars of this affair, with which we have been kindly furnished. In the meantime we are glad to he enabled to state that the party in charge of the sheep acted with the greatest forbearance, and that it was only when the insolence of the blacks endangered the lives of the party that measures of retaliation were taken, and the aggressors dispersed. No lives were lost, though four or five of the natives were wounded.
["Acted with the greatest forbearance!" but "four or five of the natives were wounded." That is, the mounted police tried to kill them, but their balls did not take effect in mortal parts. South Australia, however, has behaved better to the natives than any other Colony, for the simple plain reason that the system on which the country is colonized has a tendency to send there men of high moral character, who will not sanction the brutal inhumanity which has characterised the intercourse of the other Colonies with the natives.]
The Natives.—Since the terrible example made in May last, by the execution of two blacks convicted of murdering the shepherds of Mr. Gilles and Hallett, the natives generally have conducted themselves in the most peaceable and orderly manner, so much so, as to have dispelled, in the minds even of the most timid, all apprehensions of future danger from that source. Indeed the settlers who are now spreading over the country in all directions from Adelaide, rarely see the natives at all; and, in places to which they occasionally approach, what we hold the prudent course has been adopted, and their visits discouraged.
Miraculous Draught of Fishes.—About a fortnight ago the fishermen of Glenelg had the good fortune to enclose and draw to the land a draught of fine fish of the kind dignified here by the name of salmon. They were upwards of six thousand in number, and realised for the fortunate captors a sum amounting to more than 40l.
Port Lincoln.—By the latest accounts the Colony was progressing very satisfactorily, and the Colonists were delighted with the place and the country around. The Mississippi, a large French whaler, had been lying in the harbour for some days, and had been very successful in fishing. It was reported that a large forest of fine timber within seventy-five miles of the port had been discovered.
New Barley.—Last week a small parcel of barley, folly ripe, was cut in a garden in South Adelaide, the produce of which was estimated at one thousand fold! The barley was a fine specimen, though the quantity was small. The seed was put in the ground in May last.
[We hear a great deal of wheat and other agricultural produce raised in gardens, but nothing as yet of farming industry in South
Australia. It is time they began to produce something from the soil.]*


For one of the reasons why production has been delayed in South Australia, see a letter in the 3rd number of this Journal, page 32.

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