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The New Zealand Journal, Saturday, February 8 (1840)


Lecture on Colonization at Paisley.

The Paisley Advertiser of Saturday last, has an abridged report of a lecture delivered at the Exchange Rooms on the previous Tuesday, by Mr. John Crawford, on the subject of Colonization. The following is an extract:
"He pointed out, with much force, the fundamental errors in principle, and want of system on which colonization has heretofore been carried on, and showed that the plan first introduced by Mr. E. G. Wake-field, and followed up with so much success in South Australia, was the only safe method on which colonization could be carried on to any extent. The main feature of this principle is the disposal of the land at a fixed minimum rate, and the application of the purchase money, to pay for the passage of young, able-bodied, and productive labourers to the colony. His instructions, as the agent for the West of Scotland to the New Zealand Land Company, charged him not to over-state the benefits of emigration to New Zealand, but rather to under-rate them, in order to avoid exciting undue expectations. He, however, read passages from the writings of eye-witnesses to the superiority of the soil, climate, and productions of New Zealand, as compared with other colonies, showing how well fitted it was to become the Great Britain, and the seat of empire, of the Southern Ocean. He mentioned that it was the intention of the West India Steam Company, to set on a line of packets from Panama to New Zealand, and thus forming a short and direct passage by the Isthmus of Darien. He showed, with much eloquence, that colonization was the most important subject to which British statesmen could direct their energies: and scouted the idea entertained by the penny-wise philosophers, that because colonies might require a little from the mother country to govern them, they were therefore burdensome, and should be thrown off. The advantages that accrued from them, in cherishing the shipping trade, in consuming our manufactures, and in affording an outlet for our surplus population, he showed clearly to be of infinitely greater moment, than the paltry sum required for their government; and showed, that this view of the subject was fully borne out by the able and lucid speech made by Sheriff Allison, at the New Zealand dinner, the best after-dinner speech he had ever heard. He contended strongly that ships of war, instead of being allowed to rot uselessly in our docks and harbours, should be employed in furthering emigration, thereby at once affording relief to the mother country, advancing the interests of the colonies, and obeying the behests that commanded us to multiply and replenish the earth. He adverted, in conclusion, to the stimulus that had been given to colonization, in the days of Queen Elizabeth, and hoped that the reign of Victoria would be equally, or still more highly distinguished for policy, so wise, so beneficial, and so enlightened. The lecture was listened to with much attention, and several passages of it warmly cheered.

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